Maxfield, Mike, Yuchen Hou, Jeffrey A. Butts, Jennifer M. Pipitone, Latifa T. Fletcher, and Bryce Peterson (2017). Multiple research methods for evidence generation. In Johannes Knutsson and Lisa Tompson (Editors). Advances in Evidence-Based Policing, pp. 64-83 [Crime Science Series]. New York, NY; Routledge.
This chapter describes tools for researchers to address the tasks of problem definition, measurement, causal processes, and generalization. We begin with an extended example of developing practice-based evidence in community-based youth justice organizations in New York City. Then we expand on the four basic dimensions of research tools and discuss how they might be applied to develop practice-based evidence on an important and evolving intervention in policing.