Policymakers who focus on recidivism as evidence of justice effectiveness are confusing a complex, bureaucratic indicator of system decision-making with a simple measure of individual behavior and rehabilitation. Recidivism is at least in part a gauge of police activity and enforcement emphasis and, because of differential policing practices in minority communities, using recidivism as a key measurement may disadvantage communities of color.
Across the United States, youth justice systems are increasingly turning to the science of adolescent development to inform their intervention approaches and to measure youth success. Scientific knowledge about adolescent development is often expressed through the principles of positive youth development (PYD), a programmatic framework that encourages service providers to concentrate on the ability of … Continue reading Positive Outcomes
As part of an ongoing evaluation of the Cure Violence strategy, researchers found the program was potentially associated with less support for the use of violence and greater confidence in police. In a series of neighborhood surveys, young men in areas with Cure Violence programs were less likely to use violence to settle personal disputes … Continue reading Repairing Trust
Promising evidence that the public health approach to violence reduction championed by Cure Violence may be capable of creating safe and healthy communities. Delgado, Sheyla A., Laila Alsabahi, Kevin Wolff, Nicole Alexander, Patricia Cobar, and Jeffrey A. Butts (2017). The Effects of Cure Violence in the South Bronx and East New York, Brooklyn. In Denormalizing … Continue reading The Effects of Cure Violence in the South Bronx and East New York, Brooklyn
New York City neighborhoods operating Cure Violence programs show stronger declines in violence-endorsing attitudes than do areas without Cure Violence programs.
Community-based services provided by Youth Advocate Programs, Inc. may generate considerable savings by reducing the need for commitment and out-of-home placement among court-involved youth.
None of the cities involved in the National Forum on Youth Violence Prevention were able to track violent crime trends in a way that could have allowed researchers to evaluate the effects of the initiative over time and in specific neighborhoods.
While one of the strengths of OJJDP’s CBVP model was its emphasis on adaptation to local context and needs, the variation across program sites posed serious challenges for the evaluation and made it impossible to assess and compare outcomes in each city.
Cities increase agency partnerships with the National Forum on Youth Violence Prevention.
Butts, Jeffrey A., Kathleen Tomberg, Jennifer Peirce, Douglas N. Evans and Angela Irvine (2016). Reclaiming Futures and Organizing Justice for Drug-Using Youth. New York, NY: Research & Evaluation Center, John Jay College of Criminal Justice. When researchers examined new survey findings from communities that participated in the Reclaiming Futures initiative over a ten-year period, the … Continue reading Reclaiming Futures and Organizing Justice for Drug-Using Youth
Kwan-Lamar Blount-Hill and Jeffrey A. Butts (2015). Respondent-Driven Sampling: Evaluating the Effects of the Cure Violence Model with Neighborhood Surveys. New York, NY: Research & Evaluation Center, John Jay College of Criminal Justice. The John Jay College evaluation of Cure Violence includes methods for estimating a critical intermediate stage in the program’s theory of change. … Continue reading Respondent-Driven Sampling: Evaluating the Effects of the Cure Violence Model with Neighborhood Surveys
Delgado, Sheyla A., Kwan-Lamar Blount-Hill, Marissa Mandala, and Jeffrey A. Butts (2015). Perceptions of Violence: Surveying Young Males in New York City. New York, NY: Research & Evaluation Center, John Jay College of Criminal Justice. The Research and Evaluation Center at John Jay College is assessing the implementation and effects of Cure Violence programs in … Continue reading Perceptions of Violence
Butts, Jeffrey A., Laura Negredo and Evan Elkin (2015). Staying Connected: Keeping Justice-Involved Youth “Close to Home” in New York City. New York, NY: Research & Evaluation Center, John Jay College of Criminal Justice. When justice systems are “realigned,” youth are supervised by local agencies and placed with locally operated programs rather than being sent … Continue reading Staying Connected
Butts, Jeffrey A. (2014). Strengthening Youth Justice Practices with Developmental Knowledge and Principles. Consultant Briefing Paper, Prepared for the Annie E. Casey Foundation. Baltimore, MD. Positive youth development (PYD) is a field of practice that applies lessons from the science of adolescent development to the routine practices of youth-serving organizations. The PYD approach encourages communities … Continue reading Strengthening Youth Justice Practices with Developmental Knowledge and Principles
Bulman, Phil (2014). Delays in Youth Justice. Justice Research Bulletin. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice and Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, U.S. Department of Justice. This 2014 bulletin from the U.S. Department of Justice describes research conducted by Jeffrey Butts and his colleagues when he was on the staff of Chapin Hall at the … Continue reading Delays in Youth Justice