Increasing Drug Arrests after 1980 had Disproportionate Effect on Women

The number of drug-related arrests reported by U.S. law enforcement agencies increased sharply between 1980 and 1995, and for some groups the volume of arrests did not decline significantly between 1995 and 2010. The largest relative growth in drug arrests occurred among adult women, especially those charged with drug possession offenses rather than sales or manufacture. Drug arrests involving male offenders still outnumbered those involving females in 2010, but arrests of women increased more since 1980.

Transfer of Juveniles to Criminal Court is Not Correlated with Falling Youth Violence

The 1995-2010 drop in violent crime ranged from –50% to –74% in these states, but the size of the decline was not related to the use of transfer. Florida transfers more youth than any other state, but its violent crime drop (–57%) was in the middle of the range. In states that use transfer much less often, total violent crime fell almost as much (California and Washington) or far more (Ohio) than it did in Florida.

The National Juvenile Court Data Archive: Collecting Data Since 1927

Jeffrey A. Butts (1997). The National Juvenile Court Data Archive: Collecting Data Since 1927. (Fact Sheet #66.) Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, US Department of Justice. Juvenile and family courts across the country voluntarily provide the National Juvenile Court Data Archive with information about their delinquency and status offense cases.

Drug Offense Cases in Juvenile Court, 1985-1994

Drug offenses accounted for 8% of all delinquency cases in 1994, compared with 5% in 1991. Drug offenses include possession or sale of marijuana, cocaine, and other illegal drugs. The analysis in this Fact Sheet includes only cases in which a drug offense was the most serious charge, not cases involving juveniles charged with drug offenses in addition to more serious offenses.

Delinquency Cases in Juvenile Courts, 1994

Juvenile courts in the United States processed an estimated 1,555,200 delinquency cases in 1994. Delinquency cases involve juveniles charged with criminal law violations. The number of delinquency cases handled by juvenile courts increased 41% between 1985 and 1994. Since 1985, cases involving offenses against persons increased 93%, while property offense cases increased 22% and drug law violation cases increased 62%.